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Monday, September 26, 2016PrintSubscribe
Conditional Visibility in View Templates

Conditional visibility on data fields and categories allows hiding or showing page elements based on field values. View templates give the ability to define custom presentations. When a custom template is defined for the view, the client library is not able to determine which page elements should be displayed or hidden based on the conditional visibility expressions. As such, the creator of view templates must mark up the template in order to bind these expressions with the correct elements.

When the template has been correctly defined, data fields, categories, and even custom page elements will be able to displayed or hidden depending on field values. For example, a large label is displayed in the sample below when the order has been shipped past the required date.

Warning displayed in New Order form conditionally.

Let’s use the create form for Orders in the Northwind sample database.

Arranging Data Fields into Categories

First, let’s rearrange the data fields into multiple categories, in order to control visibility of each category, instead of each individual data field. The user will only be able to enter shipping information if a shipped date is assigned.

Start the Project Designer. In the Project Explorer, switch to the Controllers tab. Right-click on “Orders / createForm1” view node, and press New Category.

Creating a new category for "createForm1" view of Orders controller.

Define the following settings:

Property Value
Header Text Ship Info
Visible When
$row.ShippedDate != null

Press OK to save the category. Next, drag data fields ShipVia, Freight, ShipName, ShipAddress, ShipCity, ShipRegion, ShipPostalCode, and ShipCountry into the new category.

Dragging shipping fields onto the second category in Orders.     Data fields have been separated into two categories in "createForm1" view of Orders controller.

Adding Data Field Visibility

Users should not be able to set the shipped date until the order date has been set. Let’s add a data field conditional visibility expression to ShippedDate data field.

Double-click on “Orders / Views / createForm1 / c1 – New Orders / ShippedDate” data field node.

Selecting ShippedDate data field in Orders controller.

Make the following change:

Property Value
Visible When
$row.OrderDate != null

Press OK to save the data field.

Adding the View Template

Let’s add a custom view template for editForm1 of Orders controller.

On the toolbar, press Develop to open the project in Visual Studio. In the Solution Explorer, right-click on the “WebSite” node and press “Add / New Folder”.

Adding a new folder to the project

Give this new folder the name “Views”. Next, right-click on the folder and press “Add / HTML Page”.

Adding a new HTML page to the Views folder.

Give this page the name “Orders.createForm1.html”. Replace the contents of the file with the following:

<div data-container="collapsible" data-header-text="New Order">
    <div data-container="row">
        <div data-control="description">Enter new order information below.</div>
    </div>
    <div data-container="row">
        <div data-control="label" data-field="CustomerID">CustomerID</div>
        <div data-control="field" data-field="CustomerID">CustomerID</div>
    </div>
    <div data-container="row">
        <div data-control="label" data-field="EmployeeID">EmployeeID</div>
        <div data-control="field" data-field="EmployeeID">EmployeeID</div>
    </div>
    <div data-container="row">
        <div data-control="label" data-field="OrderDate">OrderDate</div>
        <div data-control="field" data-field="OrderDate">OrderDate</div>
    </div>
    <div data-container="row">
        <div data-control="label" data-field="RequiredDate">RequiredDate</div>
        <div data-control="field" data-field="RequiredDate">RequiredDate</div>
    </div>
    <div data-container="row" data-visibility="f:ShippedDate">
        <div data-control="label" data-field="ShippedDate">ShippedDate</div>
        <div data-control="field" data-field="ShippedDate">ShippedDate</div>
    </div>
    <div data-container="row" data-visible-when="$row.RequiredDate < $row.ShippedDate">
        <h3 style="color:red">WARNING: THIS ORDER HAS BEEN SHIPPED LATE</h3>
    </div>
</div>
<div data-container="collapsible" data-header-text="Ship Info" data-visibility="c:c2">
    <div data-container="row">
        <div data-control="description">Enter shipping information below.</div>
    </div>
    <div data-container="row">
        <div data-control="label" data-field="ShipVia">ShipVia</div>
        <div data-control="field" data-field="ShipVia">ShipVia</div>
    </div>
    <div data-container="row">
        <div data-control="label" data-field="Freight">Freight</div>
        <div data-control="field" data-field="Freight">Freight</div>
    </div>
    <div data-container="row">
        <div data-control="label" data-field="ShipName">ShipName</div>
        <div data-control="field" data-field="ShipName">ShipName</div>
    </div>
    <div data-container="row">
        <div data-control="label" data-field="ShipAddress">ShipAddress</div>
        <div data-control="field" data-field="ShipAddress">ShipAddress</div>
    </div>
    <div data-container="row">
        <div data-control="label" data-field="ShipCity">ShipCity</div>
        <div data-control="field" data-field="ShipCity">ShipCity</div>
    </div>
    <div data-container="row">
        <div data-control="label" data-field="ShipRegion">ShipRegion</div>
        <div data-control="field" data-field="ShipRegion">ShipRegion</div>
    </div>
    <div data-container="row">
        <div data-control="label" data-field="ShipPostalCode">ShipPostalCode</div>
        <div data-control="field" data-field="ShipPostalCode">ShipPostalCode</div>
    </div>
    <div data-container="row">
        <div data-control="label" data-field="ShipCountry">ShipCountry</div>
        <div data-control="field" data-field="ShipCountry">ShipCountry</div>
    </div>
</div>

Notice that there are three highlighted pieces in the sample above.

The yellow highlight shows how to apply data field-level visibility to an element by using the attribute “data-visibility”, and setting the value to “f:” followed by the name of the field. This will inherit the visibility from the field “ShippedDate”.

The green highlight shows how to apply category-level visibility to an element. Use the attribute “data-visibility”, and set the value to “c:” followed by the category ID. The example will inherit visibility from the category “c2”.

The orange highlight shows how to use custom JavaScript expressions to set visibility. Use the attribute “data-visible-when”, and set the value to your JavaScript visibility expression.

Switch back to the browser, navigate to the Orders page, and create a new order. Notice that the OrderDate data field, custom header, and shipping category are hidden.

When Order Date is not set, ShippedDate and ship info are hidden.

Enter a value for Order Date. Notice that the Shipped Date data field will appear.

The ShippedDate data field appears when OrderDate is set.

Enter a value for Shipped Date. The Ship Info category will appear.

Ship Info category appears when Shipped Date is set.

If the Shipped Date is after the Required Date, the warning text will appear.

A warning appears when the Shipped Date is after the Required Date.

Thursday, September 22, 2016PrintSubscribe
Adding a Google Maps API Key

An API key must be added to the project to use any features that depend on the Google Maps API, such as Maps presentation style, Geocode feature, or CalculateDistance() business rule method. The Google Maps API Key can be acquired here. Make sure to log into your Google account, and press the “GET A KEY” button to get started.

The button to acquire a Google Maps API key.

Once a key has been acquired, start the app generator. Click on the project name, and press Settings. Then, select Features page of the Project Wizard.

Navigating to the Features page of the Project Wizard.

Switch to the Touch UI section. If you have an API key, under “key=” plus the key in the “Google Maps API Identifier” box. If you have a client ID, enter “client=” plus the client ID in the box.

Entering the Maps API Identifier.

Press Next, and proceed to generate the application. The key will be embedded in “web.config” file of the generated application.

The API key can be accessed from any custom code or code business rules via the “ApplicationServices.MapsApiIdentifier” property. It can also be accessed from JavaScript business rules via the “__settings.mapApiIdentifier” property.

It is highly recommended to restrict access to your key to specific websites, IP address, or apps from the Google Developer Console.

Tuesday, September 20, 2016PrintSubscribe
Wizards in Touch UI

Commonly, multiple screens are connected and the user is required to page through these forms in order to complete their task. This pattern of presentation is called the “Wizard”. Starting with release 8.5.11.0, it is possible to create wizards in Touch UI. The picture below shows an example of a Create Employee Wizard in the Northwind sample database.

Sample New Employee wizard.

Each step of the wizard contains one or more categories. If all categories belonging to a particular step are rendered invisible via the Visible When property, then that step will be hidden.

Let’s implement the wizard shown above.  Start the Project Designer. In the Project Explorer window, switch to Controllers tab. Double-click on “Employees / Views / createForm1 / c1 – New Employees” category.

Selecting the category 'c1' in createForm1 of Employees controller.

Make the following changes and press OK to save:

Property Value
Header Text General Info
Description Enter employee general information below.
Wizard General

Next, let’s create several new categories. Right-click on “Employees / Views / createForm1” and press “New Category”.

Creating a new category in createForm1 view of Employees controller.

The second category will display in a new column alongside the previous category in the first step of the wizard.

Property Value
Header Text Contact Info
Description Enter employee contact information below.
New Column Yes
Wizard General

The next category will have the following configuration. Note the use of curly brackets wrapping field names. These will be replaced by the value of the field at runtime.

Property Value
Header Text Address
Description Enter the home address of {FirstName} {LastName} below.
Wizard Address

The last category representing the final wizard step is configured below. Notice that the Visible When property is configured to hide the category when the Title field is equal to the value “President”.

Property Value
Header Text Employee Info
Description Enter {TitleOfCourtesy} {LastName}'s employee information below.
Wizard Employee
Visible When
$row.Title != 'President'

Any categories that do not have a “Wizard” property assigned will be displayed on every step, either above or below the wizard content, depending on the position of the category relative to the first wizard category.

Rearrange the data fields as presented in the picture below using drag & drop.

The correct position of Employees data views for the Create Employee Wizard.

On the toolbar, press Browse to regenerate the app. Once generation is complete, navigate to the Employees page and create a new employee.

The correct position of Employees data views for the Create Employee Wizard.

Notice that a Status Bar has automatically been defined. The “Prev” and “Next” actions have been automatically injected into the form action group. Enter some values for the fields, including specifying “President” in the Title field.

Entering 'President' will hide the only category representing the 'Employee' wizard step, therefore hiding that step.

Notice that the “Employee” tab has been removed from the Status Bar. By pressing “Next”, the Address wizard step will be displayed. The field names surrounded by curly brackets have been replaced with the field values defined by the user.

The category description contains field values.

Note that when using custom form templates, wizards can be defined by encapsulating each step by a container of type “wizard”, containing the attribute “data-wizard-step”. The value of the attribute will be displayed in the status bar. See a simplified example below:

<div data-container="wizard" data-wizard-step="General">
    <div data-container="collapsible" data-header-text="General Info">
        ...
    </div>
    ...
</div>
<div data-container="wizard" data-wizard-step="Address">
    ...
</div>